Scientists Say Cannabis Withdrawal Symptoms Usual Among Teens

The advocates of marijuana legalization find the drug to be non-addictive, while those opposing it obviously do not agree. Whatever be the truth, cannabis does have the ability to induce withdrawal symptoms, feel researchers at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). In a recent study, they found that 40 percent of cannabis-using adolescents receiving outpatient treatment for substance use disorder admitted to experiencing withdrawal symptoms.

The respondents who reported experiencing withdrawal symptoms were most likely those who had severe substance use and mood disorders, said the study, published in the Journal of Addiction Medicine in September 2016.

"Our results are timely given the changing attitudes and perceptions of risk related to cannabis use in the U.S.," said senior author of the study John Kelly, Ph.D., of the Center for Addiction Medicine in the MGH Department of Psychiatry. The study was supported by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism grant.

"As more people are able to obtain and consume cannabis legally for medical and, in some states, recreational use, people are less likely to perceive it as addictive or harmful. But research shows that cannabis use can have significant consequences, and we know that among adolescents it is second only to alcohol in rates of misuse," Kelly said.

The researchers enrolled 127 adolescents between ages 14 and 19, of which 90 were using cannabis frequently. They were being treated in an outpatient substance use disorder clinic. The respondents were then assessed in a cycle of three, six and nine months in parameters which include whether they thought they might have a problem with drug use - withdrawal symptoms, consequences of substance use in their lives, and other psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses. Based on their answers, they were then sub-classed into two groups - one that had reported cannabis withdrawal symptoms, such as anxiety, irritability, depression and difficulty sleeping, and others who did not.

Withdrawal symptoms indicate cannabis dependence

The researchers found that among the 90 participants who used cannabis, 76 (84 percent) met the criteria for cannabis dependence. They claimed that the presence of withdrawal symptoms was a strong indicator of cannabis dependence in the participants. They also noted that it did not significantly impact the participants' ability to reduce their use of cannabis during the 12-month follow-up period.

"We hypothesize that participants who experience withdrawal symptoms but do not recognize having a substance use problem may not attribute those symptoms to cannabis withdrawal," said the corresponding author of the report, Claire Greene, M.P.H., a doctoral candidate at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

"Those who do acknowledge a substance use problem may correctly attribute those symptoms to cannabis withdrawal, giving them, even more, motivation to change their substance use behavior," said Greene.

If you need more information visit our site hempgan comprar

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *